The Best Gentleman's Relish (Patum Peperium) Recipe - Larder Love (2024)


Rich and savoury Gentleman’s Relish is is a paste made from anchovies. It’s a great British spread to serve on toast or add into cooking recipes. A bit like Marmite, love it or hate it, this old fashioned gentleman’s relish recipe is a classic.

The Best Gentleman's Relish (Patum Peperium) Recipe - Larder Love (1)

What is Gentleman’s Relish

As I’ve said this is very much a British spread. It is also known as Patum Peperium and was first created in 1828 by an Englishman called John Osborn. He even won prizes at Parisian food shows for his spread and it was marketed for gentlemen of some standing.

Gentleman’s relish is a spread made with anchovies, butter, herbs and spices. Actually, the company that makes and sells Gentleman’s Relish since 1971 (Elsenham Quality Foods) keeps the recipe a closely guarded secret.

The inspiration for this recipe

The other day I came across one of the little pots that Gentleman’s Relish traditionally comes in. My Mum used to give both my Dad and my husband a little tub of this tasty paste every year at Christmas.

When you buy it in the fancy ceramic pots it’s a bit of a treat, something special.

Those little pots are collector’s items so it only seemed right to put some of my homemade Gentleman’s Relish into one of the pots that had been given to my Dad oh so many years ago. It brought back so many memories of Christmas in years gone by.

The Best Gentleman's Relish (Patum Peperium) Recipe - Larder Love (2)

Ingredients for traditional Gentleman’s Relish

Anchovies are the star of the show here. I used two little cans of anchovies in oil. You could use the ones that come in a little jar as well of course. Don’t go for anything that has added flavours like chilli.

Butter is your binding agent here. It brings everything together and makes this spread rich and creamy. Actually, you could say that Gentleman’s Relish is really a sort of flavoured butter rather than a type of spread.

Those all-important spices. While the actual recipe for commercial gentleman relish is a secret we can take a pretty good guess at those spices; mace, cinnamon, white pepper and ginger.

The other ingredients I’ve used are capers and lemon just pack in even more flavour to this tasty spread.

How to make Gentleman’s Relilsh

Quite honestly this recipe for Gentleman’s Relish couldn’t be easier. You want to heat the spices first to really ramp up their flavours, this will take you less than a minute.

Then it’s all about melting butter and whizzing the other ingredients into a paste then mixing it all together.

The complete list of ingredients and full instructions for making this recipe can be found on the printable recipe card at the bottom of this post.

The Best Gentleman's Relish (Patum Peperium) Recipe - Larder Love (3)

Recipe notes

I got two small 150ml jars of Gentleman’s Relish from this recipe.

If you want to make bigger quantities of the spread (it would make a great foodie gift for Christmas) just multiply the recipe to suit what you need.

You can use Cayenne Pepper instead of white pepper in the recipe. I like the taste of white pepper here as it is softer than cayenne but still packs a punch in the flavour department.

How long will this keep?

Homemade Gentleman’s Relish keeps well in the fridge for up to a month once opened and you can freeze it too for up to 3 months.

The Best Gentleman's Relish (Patum Peperium) Recipe - Larder Love (4)

How to use this anchovy relish

Don’t just think of Gentleman’s Relish as something old guys in a posh club spread on their toast, far from it. While it does go extremely well spread thinly over unsalted butter on a nice slice of toast it can also be used in other ways.

You can add a little relish into scrambled eggs or even give a Bloody Mary an even bigger flavour hit than usual.

Or I’ll add a little with butter (even though there is already butter in there, you can never have too much butter!) on top of a really good steak and let those flavours seep into the meat.

Finally, serve it is lightly spread under the cheese on a really good toastie.

In cooking

Think of this anchovy butter as an ingredient for making other dishes sing with flavour. Have you ever used anchovies in your cooking? Think of Spaghetti puttanesca, that rich and robust Italian dish of tomatoes, peppers, garlic, chilli and anchovies.

Although being a member of the fish family anchovies don’t actually taste fishy when you cook with them. They melt into your other ingredients and add depth and character to a dish without you even realising a fish had popped into the pan.

So you can use this Gentleman’s Relish in exactly the same way as you would for adding anchovies to your cooking.

I like to add some to minced (ground) beef in a cottage pie or lamb mince in a shepherd’s pie.

I’ve also used it in my Stuffed Peppers Puttanesca With Feta recipe and my Ratatouille Puttanesca.

Add half a teaspoon of this Patum Peperium relish to salad dressings, especially if you’re making a Caesar salad. Or stir some into your gravy instead of using salt. Remember, anchovies are salty little creatures.

This recipe makes a great foodie gift, so why not check out my post on how to make Christmas hampers.

The Best Gentleman's Relish (Patum Peperium) Recipe - Larder Love (5)

Looking for more spreads to make at home? Then check these out before you go;

Mediterranean smoked mackerel pate

English potted cheese

Pear walnut and blue cheese spread/dip

Fromage Fort (French-style potted cheese)

Vegetarian mixed nut pate

Finally, if you do try this recipe don’t forget to leave a comment/star rating below as I just love to hear from readers. Want more Larder Love? Then follow me on Instagram, Facebook, Pinterest and Twitter and sign up for my newsletter too of course.

Photos And Tips AboveMost of my recipes have step by step photos and useful tips plus videos too, see above.

The Best Gentleman's Relish (Patum Peperium) Recipe - Larder Love (6)

Gentleman’s Relish

Karon Grieve

A very traditional anchovy butter spread that is wonderful on toast and great for cooking too

4.91 from 21 votes

Print Recipe Comment Bookmark Pin Recipe

Prep Time 10 minutes mins

Cook Time 5 minutes mins

Total Time 15 minutes mins

Course appetisers

Cuisine British

Servings 20 servings

Calories 50 kcal


  • small pan, mini food processor


  • 100 g unsalted butter
  • 1/2 tsp ground mace
  • 1/2 tsp ground ginger
  • 1/2 tsp ground cinnamon
  • 1/2 tsp ground white pepper
  • 1/2 tsp vegetable oil
  • 100 g anchovies drained
  • 2 tsp capers drained
  • 1 lemon (zest and juice)

MetricUS Customary


  • Heat the spices in a dry pan for about 1 minute then remove from heat and add the vegetable oil to bring the spices together as a little paste

  • Add butter to the pan and let it melt into the spice paste and stir to combine

  • blitz the anchovies and capers in mini food processor along with the lemon juice and zest and add mixture to the pan with butter and spices and mix thoroughly

  • spoon into either one sterilised jar or two smaller jars

  • Put the jars in the fridge to set up. There will be a coating of butter on top once it sets, use a small spoon to stir this back through the spread.

  • This gentleman's relish will keep in the fridge for up to 2 months



You can use a mortar and pestle to grind up the anchovies and capers if you don’t have a food processor, or just mince them as small as possible with a small sharp knife.

I got 2 x 150g jars from this recipe and worked out the calories as there being 20 servings altogether from the jars. I use about 1 tbsp as a serving of Gentleman’s Relish.

This will keep in the fridge for up to a month once opened and will store in freezer for up to 3 months.


Calories: 50kcalCarbohydrates: 1gProtein: 2gFat: 5gSaturated Fat: 3gCholesterol: 15mgSodium: 190mgPotassium: 35mgFiber: 1gSugar: 1gVitamin A: 125IUVitamin C: 3mgCalcium: 14mgIron: 1mg

My Top Tips*Always read the full recipe first. *Assemble all your ingredients and everything you need before you start. *For baking check the size of tins I’m using as this makes a big difference to your cakes. * I use medium sized eggs unless otherwise stated. * I use extra virgin olive oil unless otherwise stated. * I use unsalted butter unless otherwise stated. * Check out My Preserving Kit!

Tried this recipe?Mention @LarderLove or tag #LarderLove

The Best Gentleman's Relish (Patum Peperium) Recipe - Larder Love (2024)


What are the ingredients in gentleman's Relish? ›

The Gentleman's Relish 71g
  • Ingredients. Salted Anchovies (60%) [Anchovies (Fish), Salt], Salted Butter [Butter (Milk), Salt], Rusk [Wheat Flour, Water, Salt, Raising Agent (E503)], Water, Salt, Spices.
  • Allergens. Contains Fish, Contains Milk, Contains Wheat.
  • Nutritional Information. Typical Values per 100g:

What is the best way to eat gentleman's Relish? ›

Uses. Gentleman's Relish is traditionally eaten very thinly spread on slices of hot buttered white-bread toast, either on its own, or with cucumber or "mustard and cress" sprouts. It can also be added to minced meat for a different-tasting cottage pie or to the mixture for fish cakes, potato cakes and croquettes.

Is Patum Peperium the gentleman's Relish anchovy spread? ›

Established in 1828 The gentleman's relish is a SECRET blend of ANCHOVIES and SPICES providing a sophisticated umami flavour for the perfectionists. Try on hot toast or crumpets with butter salted for a delectable snack or savoury afternoon tea. Add to welsh rabbit, cheese on toast .

How do you serve Patum Peperium? ›

Toast sour dough bread slices and lightly butter them first and then spread some Patum relish. Spoon some scrambled egg on the Patum toast and garnish with a fillet of anchovy and some chopped parsley and serve hot.

How long does gentlemans relish last? ›

Once opened keep refrigerated and use within 4 weeks. Additional Information: Salt crystals may form naturally in this product. These are entirely harmless.

What is homemade relish made of? ›

Pickle relish is a jam-like condiment made from either pickled cucumbers or fresh cucumbers seasoned with vinegar, sugar, salt, and spices. Like chutney and chow-chow, it's fruity, acidic, and adds flavor to bland foods.

What is the meaning of Patum Peperium? ›

Gentleman's Relish is essentially potted anchovies that are heavily spiced – it also goes by another name Patum Peperium which is Latin for 'pepper paste', and it should only be used “very sparingly”.

Should you refrigerate relish after opening? ›

Yes, relish needs to be refrigerated if it is opened. If it's not opened, you can store it, unrefrigerated, in a cool dry place. But come on, no one wants warm relish. Just keep that sucker in the fridge.

Why is it called gentleman's relish? ›

What is Gentleman's Relish. As I've said this is very much a British spread. It is also known as Patum Peperium and was first created in 1828 by an Englishman called John Osborn. He even won prizes at Parisian food shows for his spread and it was marketed for gentlemen of some standing.

How long does Patum Peperium last? ›

Storage. Store in a cool, dry place. Once opened keep refrigerated and use within 4 weeks.

Who makes gentleman's relish? ›

In 2001 Elsenham were bought out by G. Costa which was in turn acquired by AB World Foods with the Gentleman's Relish joining the company's stable of distinctive flavours that included Patak's, Blue Dragon, Levi Roots, Al'Fez, and Tabasco.

Are canned anchovies gutted? ›

To make a can of anchovies, the first thing we do is buy anchovies from the fishermen's market of the right quality and size for each format. The fish is then transported to the factory and salted fresh. After two days, the anchovies are beheaded and gutted and sorted by size, all by hand.

Does hot pepper relish need to be refrigerated? ›

You homemade pepper relish should be refrigerated after it's cooled. For longer storage, it can also be frozen. How Can I Make Hot Pepper Relish Less Hot? An easy way to make Hot Pepper Relish less hot is to remove the seeds and membranes from hot pepper varieties like ghost peppers, habaneros, and jalapeño peppers.

What do you eat hot pepper relish with? ›

Our old-fashioned Hot Pepper Relish is excellent on anything from hot dogs to pizza, but it's much more than a mere condiment. When mixed with cream cheese, it creates an appetizer that's sure to spice up any party.

When was gentlemans relish invented? ›

Enjoy a festive cheese board accompanied by this delicious gentlemen's relish. The spiced anchovy relish was first created in 1828 by an Englishman, John Osborn, and the distinctive, salty paste continues to be made in England to a closely guarded secret recipe.

Where is gentlemans relish from? ›

It was invented in 1828 by John Osborn an expatriate living in Paris which, when he unveiled it the Paris Food Show in 1849 and again in 1855, won a Citation Favorable. High praise indeed. It is still made now in Elsham, Hertfordshire, but what exactly goes in there is a closely-guarded secret.

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